Health Information For People Travelling to Singapore

Travelling to Singapore is a wonderful idea, particularly if you want to get away from the busy life that you are currently living. Everybody likes to take a break; sometimes it is important for you to indulge your wild side just so that you would be able to go back home with a lot of perspective about your own life. However, visiting Singapore, or for that matter any country requires proper medications and vaccinations just so that you do not carry any kind of harmful diseases that can be dangerous to the population of Singapore.

Some of the health information pertaining to the people travelling to Singapore includes;

  • Routine vaccinations – It is important for any kind of traveler to have all the routine vaccinations in place. These vaccinations mostly include tetanus shots, measles, rubella vaccine, polio vaccine, as well as chickenpox and flu shot that is mandatory to be travelling to any kind of country.
  • People need to get the hepatitis A vaccine, because contracting hepatitis A is pretty easy, as any kind of contaminated food will prove to be your downfall. Regardless of where the happen to be staying or eating, if you contract the disease, you are in for a lot of trouble.
  • Typhoid vaccinations are also a necessity, particularly when there is a high chance for you to contract typhoid from contaminated water in Singapore. According to the health Department, this vaccination for typhoid is a necessity, particularly when you happen to be visiting the rural places in Singapore, and if you are also adventurous when it comes to eating in various places.
  • For some people, taking the hepatitis B vaccination is a necessity. This is the virus which will be spreading through sexual contact, blood products, or contaminated needles. It is recommended that if you think about having sexual contact with a new partner, or even getting a tattoo or piercing, you need to take this vaccination prior to your entry in Singapore.
  • Rabies vaccination is pretty common for travelers to take, given the fact that there are a lot of bats found in Singapore. They do not contain a major risk for most of the travelers, but it is still recommended that the people that would like to travel outdoors get this vaccination. It puts them away from the risk of contracting rabies, particularly if they are looking to go for hiking or any other adventurous activities near the caves or dark places.

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If you have been travelling from a country that has a problem with yellow fever, then you need to get a vaccination for that disease as well. This is primarily to ensure that the people in Singapore not end of contracting yellow fever from you. Apparently, a lot of African countries are in the risk of getting yellow fever to its inhabitants, and if you have served in one of those countries, then you need proper vaccinations before you set foot in Singapore so as to save the other people from the damage of the disease.

Renting a Car in Oaxaca: For Prospective Renters of Oaxacan Vehicles including Motorcycles

Hertz, Alamo, Europcar, City and Only car rental companies in Oaxaca, are options; but the downsides of renting a car, van or motorcycle in Oaxaca often outweigh the benefits. One must consider traffic and parking, Oaxacan drivers on the road, the implications of an accident, police enforcement of traffic violations, and the cost and convenience of alternate transportation.

Traffic and Parking

Parking in downtown Oaxaca is an issue. Some hotels and bed & breakfasts do not offer free parking, though most have arrangements with nearby lots. Many of the lots close at 10 or 11 pm, which can cut into a planned late night out. Legal street parking is often difficult to find, its almost as bad as trying to find a spot in Los Angeles.

Traffic congestion is an ongoing issue, with double parking, lack of police enforcement relating to parking, and frequent road closures due to construction, parades, and marching teachers, cab drivers, and other interest groups. It is not uncommon to be stuck in traffic, without being able to move, for ten minutes or more. Knowing one’s way around the streets helps sometimes, depending on the severity of the problem.

Street configurations were altered in Oaxaca in 2006, with a view to alleviating congestion at several major intersections. But without experience as to how to use the vueltas inglesas (English turns), the unsuspecting can find himself facing oncoming traffic.

Training of Oaxacan Drivers

Most drivers in Oaxaca have had no professional training respecting the proper use of a motor vehicle. State law provides that one can obtain a driver’s license, at age 18, without an eye test, without a road test and without a written test.

Conceivably, and in accordance with the law, there are drivers on the streets of Oaxaca who a week earlier had never even been in a car, let alone driven one — legally licensed to drive. One must therefore consider that no matter how defensive and well trained an American or Canadian driver in Oaxaca might be, that is often little consolation when considering the driver in the other lane.

Accidents in Oaxaca

Having insurance helps only so much. One must consider that in Oaxaca insurance is optional, and even with insurance the implications of getting in an accident are serious.

If both sides to an accident cannot agree on a speedy disposition relating to allocation of blame and financial compensation, the vehicles may be impounded for a month or more until a judge has made a determination. Resolutions are often reached on the spot, between two insurance adjusters, but if the other vehicle is not insured, the adjuster must deal with the (apparent) culprit.

If there is a personal injury to a driver, a passenger or a pedestrian, there is a reasonable likelihood that one or both drivers will end up in jail, if only for a few hours until insurance coverage is proven. It is not uncommon for an apparent tortfeasor to flee the scene on foot, or drive off. It has been known to happen in the case of even taxi and bus drivers!

Most downtown intersections without traffic lights do not have stop or yield signs. One must either stop or slow down to a crawl at every such corner, or know which streets have the right of way.

Police Enforcement of Traffic Violations

It’s hard enough knowing the rules of the road. Knowing if they will be enforced is a more difficult a task, or a guessing game. It’s been stated that red lights in Oaxaca are merely suggestive. With most traffic police on foot, there is little that can be done when someone runs a red light.

If stopped for an apparent violation, one does not know what the fine will be. Municipal traffic police earn an extremely modest living. They receive perhaps half of their salaries “on the street.”

Radar is now being used on the streets of Oaxaca and highways in parts of the central valleys. A problem is that one never knows the maximum speed limit unless it’s posted, and it’s indeed posted, it make no sense. One can be traveling along a highway and see a sign reading 40 kilometers per hour, and then 500 meters down the road another sign reading 30, then 350 meters later another sign reading 60, or 80. There does not appear to be rhyme or reason.

Cost and Convenience of Taxis, Drivers, Buses, Colectivos and Tour Guides

One can walk to virtually every sight in downtown Oaxaca. Taxis within downtown cost about 30 – 35 pesos, and to the suburbs perhaps 50 pesos. Taxis for a day touring the villages cost up to 150 pesos an hour, and guides up to 350. Buses and colectivos are very inexpensive.

One must carefully weight the pros and cons of each option. Is it really worth it to have to contend with the pitfalls of renting a car when in Oaxaca for a brief vacation, when the alternatives are so varied and attractive?

Boston Public Transportation Options

Boston has a reputation for being difficult to navigate. The streets are narrow, the drivers are impatient and roads are constantly closed. However, visitors to Boston do not need to drive to get around the city. Here are some options for getting around the Boston area without a car.

Taking the “T” Around Boston

The country’s oldest subway system has three actual subway lines (assigned colors of red, orange and blue), one street car line (green) and a bus that is assigned a color (silver) and is thought to be an actual subway line. The “T” runs until about 12:45am each night.

The “T”, short for the Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority (MBTA), can be taken all around downtown Boston and somewhat into the suburbs. It is fairly reliable, coming every five to seven minutes during rush hour, and with the introduction of the new self-service ticketing system in each station, is easy to figure out. If visitors have any trouble, they can ask an MBTA employee for assistance.

The Red Line begins south of the city in the town of Braintree and runs through downtown, through Harvard Square and ends a few miles north of the city in the town of Arlington.

The Orange Line begins southwest of the city in Jamaica Plain, runs through downtown and ends a few miles north of the city in the town of Melrose.

The Blue Line begins downtown and stretches east, going past the airport, and ends in the town of Lynn.

The Green Line begins in East Cambridge and runs through downtown via the Museum of Science and the TD Banknorth Garden and splits into four branches where it becomes a streetcar. The four branches are labeled B, C, D and E. The B and C lines run past Boston University and out to Boston College and are the slowest since they stop at every traffic light. The E line runs by the Museum of Fine Arts but it also goes by Northeastern University and can be slow as well.

The Silver Line appears on the MBTA map as a subway line but is really a bus. It is fairly new to the city and connects parts of Boston to downtown that previously had no public transportation at all. One of the best things about the silver line is the direct connection from downtown Boston to Logan airport.

There are some great taxis in the Boston area but nothing will ever compare with the quality of Go Green Taxis Newbury. I used them when in Newbury for a business trip and I have to say that they are the best in the business so if you are ever over there, I highly recommend them.

Getting From Logan Airport to Downtown Boston

There are two ways to get to downtown Boston from Logan International Airport via public transportation.

Silver Line: This is probably the easiest option as the silver line picks up at all of the terminals in the bus lane and goes directly to South Station. From there, travelers can connect to the red line and the commuter rail going west and south of the city.

Bus to the Blue Line: This option requires looking for a bus that will go to the blue line. The time on the bus only takes a few minutes but the blue line stop is not downtown and unless visitors are going somewhere on the blue line it is usually more trouble that it is worth to go this option, as they will have to switch trains again somewhere along the line.

MBTA Commuter Rail

The commuter rail stretches in every direction all over greater Boston. Most lines have wireless internet and are generally comfortable. Unlike the regular “T”, the commuter rail doesn’t come very often. Even at rush hour times most lines run only every 30 minutes. The commuter rail requires planning, but is generally effective at getting passengers where they need to go. One thing to note is that all trains coming from the north of the city all stop at North Station. Trains coming from the west and the south all go to South Station. There is no commuter rail tunnel that connects the two so unless North Station or South Station is the final destination, getting around the city usually requires taking the “T” in addition to the commuter rail.

Boston is a very walkable city and when traveling, walking between a couple of “T” stations can be very scenic as well as possibly more efficient than navigating the “T”. However, when going longer distances, most residents and visitors will find the public transportation system in Boston able to serve their needs effectively.